This post appeared first January 2017 on Almost An Author
This article contains new information to assist anyone who wants to know more about varying disabilities, the statistics in America, and links to various other articles where you can learn more!
Magazines, literary agents, and publishers continue to look for excellent writing in fiction and non-fiction genres which exemplify diversity. The public asks for more inclusion of disabled persons in their reading material, and agents and editors want to grant the desires of their readers.
For writers, research can help you deliver believable content to meet the demand. If you are writing about disability, you need to know some facts, and you need to research.
Writing about disability isn’t new. How we write about disability makes a difference. Disability doesn’t care about your sex, color, race, or religious viewpoint.
This article shares disability statistics and links to additional sources of information so you can write well on this topic. This beginning resource will give you an idea on how to conduct more research based on your writing needs.
Approximately 1 in 5 people in the United States currently has a disability.
About one-third of 20-year-old workers, today will be disabled before they reach retirement.
Nearly 15% of the world’s population, have some form of challenge. That’s about a billion people.
The number of individuals who have significant difficulties in functioning reaches upward to 190 million.
Population numbers, aging, and the increase of chronic health conditions are the primary reasons for these high rates of disabilities. I should mention genetics because many disabilities can occur by being passed down through DNA.
These are staggering statistics. You or a loved one could become one of the disabled. A person in your family may have a disability they were born with, or have one because of an accident, injury, or one which evolved over time.
What are these disabilities, and health conditions? While there are too many to list, they fall into several main categories. Disabilities may overlap categories. The descriptions listed here are general.
Categories of Disability:
Mobility and Physical Impairments – using a wheelchair, using a cane, limping, visible limb deformities, skin and hair disorders.
Head Injuries – Brain Disability – speech, motor coordination, learning disabilities.
Vision Disability –blind, wear glasses, use a white cane, a seeing-eye dog.
Hearing Disability – communicate using sign language, wear a visible cochlear implant, hearing aids.
Cognitive or Learning Disabilities – may have behavior problems, dif culty learning to read or write, and learning difficult. Psychological Disorders – may have depression, anxiety, mood disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders.
Invisible Disabilities – Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Autoimmune Disorders, Chronic Pain.
The Use of Awareness Ribbons, Days, Weeks, Months
An interesting article written by Erin Blakemore, “A Brief History of Awareness Ribbons” on what may be the origination of the iconic explosion explains where the use of the colored ribbons may have originated. Whether these icons are useful for
recognition depends on whom you ask. Since anyone can create them, colors can vary. In recent years, colored ribbons for illnesses, disorders, disabilities, and other causes exploded across social and print media. If you choose to use a colored ribbon in your story, make sure you use the correct color.
Use the same advice for ribbons as when using the associated days, weeks, and months. Their sole purpose conveys awareness for the array of disabilities and chronic illnesses assigned. You can nd an extensive list of ribbons and dates of awareness at Disabled World and a similar list on Wikipedia.
More Research Links for Writing About Disability and the Disabled:
- National Endowment for the Arts, (NEA) Washington, D.C.: http://www.arts.gov/artistic- elds/literature
- National Endowment for the Arts, (NEA) Washington, D.C.: http://www.arts.gov/writers-corner
- Culture Disability Talent, California: http://www.specialacademy.org/creative-writing/
- History of the Americans with Disability Act – (ADA): http//dredf.org/news/publications/the-history-of-the-ada
- Disability Rights Education & Defense Fund – (Doing Disability Justice): http://dredf.org/media-disability/
- Types of disabilities and definitions: https://www.disabled-world.com/disability/types
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/disabilityandhealth/disability.html